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New mobile phone numbers are frequently harassed! How to solve the "registered number" problem?
Published on: 2020-10-29
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mobile 01Newly established mobile phone numbers continue to receive debt collection calls, and when registering apps such as WeChat, Alipay, Taobao, and Weibo, they frequently show that the number is occupied. Nowadays, the mobile phone number is like a network pass. If you cannot complete the binding of the App, you cannot use all its functions.
 

Nowadays, mobile phone number resources have become increasingly scarce, and "second number allocation" is an international practice. The so-called "secondary allocation" means that after the old users deactivate or abandon their mobile phone numbers, the numbers are taken back by the operator and placed on the market again after a period of time vacant for new users to choose. The recycling of code number resources is beneficial to revitalizing communication resources, but it brings new problems to some new users. How to solve them?
 

With the development of the mobile Internet, the function of the mobile phone number is not only a communication tool, from social software to payment accounts, from news and information to transportation, to use App, almost all need to complete the binding through the mobile phone number. But the code number resource, like the network IP address, is a scarce resource in theory. Domestic mobile phone numbers are mainly 11 digits. With the rapid increase of users, there are now no new numbers available in some number segments. This is an important reason why operators want to recycle numbers and release them again.
 

mobile 02At present, all operators have clear time requirements for the mobile phone number from being recovered to resale. Generally, there will be a period of retention first, that is, the number still belongs to the original user. However, the related communication services have been stopped. If the arrears continue, the number will enter the freezing period from the retention period, that is, the number belongs to the operator but will not be put on the market immediately. This design also hopes to help cut off the number between the number and the original user relationship.

Telecom expert Ligang Xiang: To avoid the emergence of second-hand codes, one is that the government will open more number resources; the other is to extend the time limit for withdrawal; the third is that telecom operators provide related services to help users resolve bundled numbers such as Alipay. There is another situation here. After some people use this number, they don't pay or cancel it. They don't have to go to the business hall to handle it. The operator has no good way.
 

Ligang Xiang told the Central Broadcasting Corporation reporter that the number was recycled but encountered new problems. The essential contradiction is that it seems that many code resources are not enough. There are now 1.6 billion numbers in use. With the advent of the Internet of Things in the 5G era, code number resources are about to become more scarce and mobile phone numbers may rise from 11 to more in the future.
 

Telecom expert Ligang Xiang: We usually use the 135/139/186 number, which uses different numbers to do different things. There is no doubt that the resources are limited. Later, there will be greater demand for industrial 5G. Now we in China It is about 1.6 billion devices that are connected. By 2030, the number of connections will be 10 billion, and these connections require code resources. Now they have all risen to 11 positions. In the future, the entire code number resource management and billing system will all be upgraded.

mobile 03It is reported that, at present, industry authorities and communication companies have begun to establish a data exchange platform to coordinate information exchange and account management between operators and Internet companies. For example, the code number service platform established by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology under the guidance of the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology, the "second number query service" system launched by China Mobile, and the second number payment unbinding platform established by some commercial organizations.
 

However, some industry experts pointed out that which applications are bound to the user's mobile phone number, and the usage habits such as the time and frequency of login involve personal privacy. When breaking information barriers and establishing a shared account data platform, how to properly manage these account data is also an institutional gap waiting to be filled.
 

新办手机号却频繁被骚扰!“二次放号”问题怎么破?

新办的手机号码却不断接到催债电话,注册微信、支付宝、淘宝、微博等App,却频繁显示号码被占用……如今,手机号码就像网络通行证,无法完成App的绑定,就不能使用其全部功能。
 

如今,手机号码资源已经越来越稀缺,“二次放号”是国际通行的做法。所谓“二次放号”,是指老用户停用、弃用手机号后,号码由运营商收回,空置一段时间再次投放市场,供新用户选择。码号资源循环使用有利于盘活通信资源,但却给有些新用户带来了新问题,该如何解决?
 

换新手机号却接到催债电话运营商“二次放号”存漏洞

前不久,江苏的王女士遇到了件烦心事儿。拿到单位统一办理的工作用手机号码的第一天,她就接到了各种催债电话。原来,这个号码的原机主欠了债务又弃用号码,手机号被电信公司回收后,又给到了王女士。
 

王女士:当时办后没多久,不停有人打电话催债,这个事情大概持续了半年,才逐渐消停。然后我直接用这个号登陆微博,发现之前有人注册过了,所以就又重新注销,注册新号。
 

北京的李女士也有同样的困扰。拿到新的手机号后,她不但频繁被骚扰,还无法注册微信、支付宝等程序。
 

李女士:全都是不认识的人,五花八门事情找上我,那段时间我有点不敢接电话。他们告诉我这可能是二手号码,因为前机主没用,但他没取消绑定,说要不你就换号或者找原机主协商解决。我办号时也没有告知我这个号以前别人用过。
 

运营商回收号码再放出原因为何?

随着移动互联网的发展,手机号码的功能不单单是通信工具,从社交软件到支付账户,从新闻资讯到交通出行,想要使用App,几乎都需要通过手机号完成绑定。但码号资源和网络IP地址一样,理论上属于稀缺资源。国内手机号以11位为主,随着用户激增,现在部分号段已无新号可用,这是运营商要回收号码再次放出的重要原因。
 

目前各运营商对手机号码从欠费收回到再次销售都有明确的时间要求,一般首先会有一段时间的保留期,也就是号码仍旧属于原用户。但是相关通信服务已经停止,如果继续欠费,号码则会从保留期进入冷冻期,也就是号码属于运营商,但不马上投入市场销售,这样的设计也是希望帮助切断号码与原用户之间的关系。
 

电信专家项立刚说,目前王女士和李女士遇到的“催债电话”和“App无法注册”的问题,的确很难解决,只能把催债的号码拉黑,App也得挨个去注销。以目前出现的案例看,想要进一步避免二手号码带来的困扰,除了国家放开更多的码号资源之外,更长的冷冻期、更方便的销户服务都可以考虑。
 

电信专家项立刚:避免二手码出现,一是政府更多开放号码资源;二是延长收回的期限;三是电信运营商提供相关服务,帮助用户解决支付宝等捆绑号码。在这里还有一种情况,有人拿这个号码使用后,不缴费也不注销,不到营业厅去办理,运营商也没有太好的办法。
 

号码被回收使用但又遇到了新问题,其本质矛盾在于,看似很多的码号资源并不够用。现在已经有16亿个号码被使用,随着5G时代物联网的到来,码号资源即将变得更加稀缺,未来手机号码可能会从11位升至更多。
 

电信专家项立刚:我们平时用的135/139/186号段,其实用不同号段做不同事情,资源毫无疑问是有限的,后面到了工业5G还会有更大的需求,现在我们中国是16亿左右设备连接进来,到了2030年,连接数会是100亿,这些连接都需要码号资源。现在都已经升到11位了,未来整个的码号资源管理、计费体系等,全部都要升级。

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