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Almost All New Cars Sold in China Will Be Battery Powered by 2035
Published on: 2020-10-29
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car 01China plans to require that all new cars sold after 2035 be eco-friendly “new energy vehicles” . The plans were announced in a future road map for new energy vehicles and will be regulated under China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.
 

The specifics of the plan state that as of 2035, 50% of new cars sold in the country will be either electric, plug-in hybrid, or fuel cell vehicles, and 50% of new cars will be conventional hybrids, which still run entirely on gasoline.
 

Currently, “new energy vehicles” — a category which includes plug-in hybrids and fuel cell vehicles, but most of which are battery electric vehicles — make up 5% of China’s new car market. This is a higher percentage of new car sales than all but seven countries, as of 2019. But it’s a far shot from 50%, which is the percentage China wants to reach by 2035. China’s road map targets a steady increase of that percentage from now until 2035.

car 02The other 50% of new vehicles sold will still be conventional (non-plug-in) hybrids. China plans to gradually eliminate non-hybrid gas-powered vehicles in the next 15 years, targeting 75% of gasoline cars to be hybrids by 2030, and 100% of them by 2035. China also plans to stop manufacturing non-hybrid gas-powered vehicles by 2035, which could help force other countries to move away from gasoline.
 

It does need to be noted, though, that conventional hybrids do gain 100% of their energy from burning gasoline. There is no other external energy source powering them. Unlike plug-in vehicles, they cannot be made cleaner by a shift to cleaner grid electricity, as they cannot be charged through external means.
 

They do make more efficient use of the gasoline they burn by reducing one of the main ways that cars lose energy — through braking — but they will still burn gasoline for the entirety of their operational lifetime, which could last 10 or 20 years. If China is still producing new gas-burning hybrids in 2040 or 2050, this makes their 2060 net-zero carbon target that much more difficult.
 

2035年中国汽车产业发展目标燃油车全部为混动车

10月27日,2020中国汽车工程学会年会暨展览会在上海汽车会展中心正式召开。在本次大会发布的《节能与新能源汽车技术路线图2.0》中明确指出,到2035年节能汽车与新能源汽车销量各占50%
 

本次大会以“汽车+,协同创新”为主题,围绕新能源汽车技术、智能网联汽车技术、汽车关键共性技术、如何快速推动技术创新、重塑汽车产业格局展开了深刻的讨论。同时在发布的路线图2.0中,对2035年这个时间节点有了一个初步的规划论证。

 

规划指出,汽车产业必将向着电动化转型。在汽车的充电设施方面,将在全国实现多点覆盖的慢充与快充相结合的充电网络,并继续部署若干换电站,辅助充电设施形成不同需求的三维充电网络。另计划慢充充电设施建设达到1.5亿个,快充设施达到146万个。

在汽车产销方面,规划中提出,节能型汽车与新能源汽车的销量将各占总销量的一半,并实现燃料电池车型的保有量达到100万辆左右;传统能源动力乘用车做到全面混动化,新能源汽车成为市场主流,销量占比达50%以上。另外在数据方面,节能汽车(含新能源车)到2035年的平均油耗达到2L/100km,传统能源汽车(不含新能源汽车)平均油耗达到4L/100km,混合动力车型平均油耗也达到4L/100km。

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